Download A Book that Shook the World: Essays on Charles Darwin's by Julian S. Huxley, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Reinhold Niebuhr, PDF

By Julian S. Huxley, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Reinhold Niebuhr, Oliver L. Reiser, Swami Nikhilananda

This assortment positive factors 5 essays from famous theologians, philosophers, geneticists, and biologists who talk about the sweeping effect of Charles Darwin's On the beginning of Species on their respective fields. This quantity, edited via Ralph Buchsbaum, professor of biology on the college of Pittsburgh, was once released to rejoice the centenary of Darwin's assertion in 1858, besides Alfred Russel Wallace, in their autonomous discovery of the method of ordinary choice. Darwin's e-book used to be released 12 months later.

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Extra info for A Book that Shook the World: Essays on Charles Darwin's Origin of Species

Example text

For the time being he has no surplus of either. 29 CHRISTIANITY AND DARWIN'S REVOI~UTION Reinhold NielJuhr I I ISTORICALLY, the discovery by Charles Darwin that biological species were subject to mutation was the capstone of a H long erosion of Aristotelian science, which assumed the immutability of the forms and structures of both nature and history and which regarded the temporal flux as merely the cycle of "coming to be and passing away" of the individual representatives of the species, the essence or the structure of existence, which their life explicated.

Nor was it anticipated that the continued advancement of the natural sciences would gradually result in the discoveries of nuclear physics and that these achievements would be quickly pounced upon by fearful governments so that the scientists became the armorers of the nations in a "nuclear age" in which the world has the possibility of completely destroying civilization by the lethal and destructive efficacy of its nuclear weapons. Thus history proves in contemporary experience that man's freedom over nature has both destructive and creative possibilities and that these possibilities grow together with the freedom.

The populations of this species are mixtures of individuals with different structures of their chromosomes. Certain chromosome structures are particularly favorable to the flies during the spring months, and other structures during the summer. The generations of the fly which live in spring are thus exposed to natural selection which favors different chromosome structures than those favored by selection in the summer generations of the same fly. Some chromosomes are, therefore, more frequent in spring than in summer, while for other chromosomes the reverse is true.

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