By Alessandra Giorgi
This e-book considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day gone by, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy to whether the semantic reference element is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically via semantic ideas of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal position is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in line with facts from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tough and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the houses of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the homes of loose oblique Discourse - and indicates that her framework can account elegantly for them all. rigorously argued, succinct, and obviously written her publication will attraction broadly to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists attracted to the syntax-semantics interface.
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Additional resources for About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
The original proposal that the embedded event must be located with respect to the superordinate one is due to Higginbotham (1995). According to his proposal, the main attitude predicate must be represented in the embedded clause. Giorgi and Pianesi (2001a) argued that this is the basis of the anchoring conditions. 16 In this book, I will not consider this point any longer and will take it for granted. The focus of this chapter and Chapter 3 is mostly on identiﬁcation of the second variable. The proposal is that this variable is identiﬁed twice: the ﬁrst time in a lower position, and the second in a higher position in the C-layer.
22 On these issues see, among others, Zanuttini and Portner (2003), Portner (1997). 23 In examples (37) and (38), the subjunctive appears in a complement clause. It can also appear in clauses in subject position— preverbally or postverbally—as in the following cases: (41) Che Gianni sia malato, è una disdetta That Gianni is(subj pres) sick is a misfortune (42) Che Gianni fosse il vincitore sorprese tutti That Gianni was(subj past) the winner surprised everybody (43) È una disdetta che Gianni sia malato It is a misfortune that Gianni is(subj pres) sick (44) Sorprese tutti che Gianni fosse il vincitore It surprised everybody that Gianni was(subj past) the winner The rules governing the appearance of the subjunctive forms are the same as above, independently therefore from the syntactic role played by the clause.
9 An important issue is constituted by the differences in anchoring between eventive predicates and stative ones. Eventive predicates can only be ordered as preceding the superordinate event as is the case in example (14) in the text. English stative predicates, by contrast, can be interpreted both as preceding and as simultaneous with respect to the superordinate event. As noted by a reviewer, a sentence such as (ii) is in fact ambiguous. Note however that in Italian such a sentence would be translated by means of an embedded imperfect of the indicative: i.